Many patients come to Iran from different parts of the world to seek orthopedics care and surgeries. Orthopedics in Iran, hospitals and facilities present some of the most advanced technologies in this fields and state-of-the-art and orthopedic equipment.
Patients with joint diseases, knee arthritis, and weight gain related joint problems can take advantage of high quality Orthopedic care services such as knee surgeries and treatment of bone fractures. Iran’s professional doctors and surgeons with high medical knowledge and experience, are at par with highly advanced countries in this field.
Iranian Orthopedic Surgeons Association, established in 1973, is one of the oldest associations in the country expanded after the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Currently, over 850 orthopedists in Iran are members of this association.
Orthopedics in Iran is a specialty of immense breadth and variety. Orthopedic surgeons treat a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including: fractures and dislocations, torn ligaments, sprains, and strains, tendon injuries, pulled muscles, and bursitis, ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis, knock knees, bow legs, bunions, and hammer toes, arthritis and osteoporosis, one tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy, club foot and unequal leg length, abnormalities of the fingers and toes and growth abnormalities.
Orthopedic surgeries include 7 items:
1- Knee 2- Hip 3- Foot and Ankle 4- Shoulder 5- Elbow, Wrist and Hand 6- Orthopedic Spine 7- Pediatric orthopedics
Common orthopedic procedures:
Total knee Replacement
Total knee replacement (total knee arthroplasty), is a surgical technique in which damaged portions of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts (plastic and metal parts).
Total hip replacement
Total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty or THR) is a surgical operation and treatment option in which the damaged bone (joint) and cartilage is replaced by a prosthetic component, that is, a hip prosthesis. Total hip replacement is one of the most successful and usual procedures in orthopedic surgery which started in 1960s. Most patients who experience total hip replacement are age 50 to 80
Total ankle replacement
total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) also known as total ankle replacement is a surgery that use to treat ankle arthritis and replace the damaged surfaces of ankle joint with artificial implants. Ankle replacement mostly done when u are under general anesthesia. Your surgeon will make incision to expose joint. Then the doctor will remove damaged bone and replace with some metal and plastic parts. After surgery you need to stay in hospital at least for one night.
Total shoulder replacement
Total shoulder replacement or arthroplasty, refers to a procedure for treating arthritis or degenerative joint disease of the shoulder joint. The objective of shoulder replacement surgery is to relief the pain and to restore the motion and function of the joint. This procedure involves the replacement of the arthritic ball with an artificial metal ball. When conservative treatments such as medications and are unsuccessful, shoulder replacement surgery can be considered to relieve your pain.
Elbow, Wrist and Hand Joint Replacement
The aim of joint replacement surgery which is also called arthroplasty, is to treat symptoms of arthritis to restore the joint function and motion. In cases of severe tumors or trauma this surgery may be a necessity. In this surgical procedure, artificial metal and plastic structures are replaced with the worn joint. Also when non-surgical treatments including therapy or medication fail to handle the pain of end stage arthritis, joint replacement is recommended.
A meniscus tear is a most usual knee cartilage damage. All people particularly those who play contact sports, are exposed to meniscus tears. The meniscus is the soft rubbery bumper cushion that sits between the thigh bone and the leg bone.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Reconstruction
PCL is one of the most important ligaments in the knee. Injuries to the PCL can occur in a variety of ways, including a hard blow to the shinbone or falling down on a bent knee. Double bundle PCL reconstruction has been extremely effective in restoring knee stability back to the patient both objectively with PCL stress x-rays as well as subjectively based on patients independently evaluating their outcome scores
Achilles Tendon Repair
The largest tendon in the body called Achilles tendon. It’s the tissue that connects your heel bone to your calf muscles and you use it when you walk or jump and run. While the Achilles tendon can endure great stresses from jumping and running, it is also vulnerable to injury. A “rupture of the tendon” is a separation and tearing of the tendon fibers thus the muscle can no longer perform its normal function. After an injury retrieval Achilles tendon function is critical. The goal to re-join the calf muscles with the heel bone to restore normal muscles activities.
Disc Hernia Surgery
Disks are located between the bones in the spine which function to absorb shocks and support the spine. If a disk extends beyond its capsule, it is called a herniated disk. This condition can occur anywhere in the spine, but it mostly happens in the lower back. A herniated disk may occur due to various reasons such as lifting something in the wrong way or overweight. If non-surgical procedures such as pain relievers and physical therapy fail to treat this condition, surgical treatments like laminectomy and diskectomy may be recommended.
Laminectomy which is also called decompression surgery, is a surgical procedure that involves removing the lamina (vertebral arch) to enlarge the spinal canal and relieve pressure on the nerve roots. Laminotomy is a similar procedure which uses a small incision and only removes a small part of the lamina. This surgery is effective for treating spinal stenosis.
Spinal fusion which is also called arthrodesis, is a surgical procedure which involves permanently joining vertebrae (small bones of the spine) together. This surgery is effective for treating many spinal conditions. Spinal fusion may decrease flexibility, but it can relieve symptoms of various spinal problems such as spinal stenosis, herniated disks, tumors, scoliosis and spinal weakness.