Preparations before corneal transplantation
The surgeon and the patient discuss matters before the surgery and the doctor listens to the patient’s complaints and expectations. Following the decision for the surgery and depending on whether the healthy donated cornea is ready (the donated cornea needs to be tested to be healthy and free of disease), a date is set for the surgery and the patient is informed. The surgeon, also, seeks patient’s medical history and tells the patient if he or she should continue with taking any medicine until the time of the surgery. Taking some drugs such as aspirins which thins the blood may need to be stopped before the surgery. However, primary physical exams or perhaps other tests may be requested to confirm that the patient is healthy enough to have the cornea transplant surgery.
Corneal transplantation procedure
A corneal transplant does not require the patient to stay overnight. Before the surgery starts, eye drops and medications are applied to numb the eye and help to relax the patient. In the beginning, an eyelid speculum is used to keep the eye open as well as lubricating liquids, to prevent dryness. depending on the surgery options, a circular part or a very thin layer of cells from the cornea is separated by surgical devices and scissors. A portion of the donated cornea that matches the same portion of the affected cornea is cut and replaced. The new tissue then is stitched by suture and secured into the place. In inner partial transplantation, the impaired endothelium is removed and the inner layer of the healthy cornea is replaced on the back surface of the cornea. To help the implanted layer to stay attached, an air bubble is injected into the eye to push this new layer into the place. The last step of the surgery is taping a shield over the patient’s eye to keep it safe and covered. The patient is monitored after the surgery to make certain that he or she has recovered from the anesthesia to go home safely and with full consciousness.
Corneal transplant recovery and post-op care
The day after the operation, a visit to the doctor is necessary for the eye to be checked. The patient will be instructed by the doctor about after-surgery care. Depending on how fast the patient is healed, the health of the eye, and the type of the stitches used, the doctor will decide when the stitches need to be removed. However, regarding corneal transplant, there is a significant recovery time during which constant care is required. If the patient finds out that he or she has cloudyor hazy vision, it could be signs of rejection of the new tissue. The ophthalmologist needs to be informed straightaway if any of these symptoms are seen. As the patient is recovering from the surgery, taking eye drops is necessary just the way instructed by the doctor. The treated eye must not be rubbed. The doctor will prescribe if any medicine or painkillers needed. The patient must wear eyeglasses or an eye shield to protect his or her eye for a time after the surgery. The ophthalmologist, also, will tell the patient when he or she can start his or her daily activities.
Corneal transplantation in Iran
Iran is increasingly becoming a popular destination for medical health tourism. Patients from all over the world and countries in the region travel to Iran to benefit from highly advanced clinics, skilled medical practitioners and unbeaten surgical treatments. Iranian doctors and eye care professionals are among the best in this part of the world. They have developed some of the most advanced procedures and standards, using minimal surgical incision. Currently, there are many ophthalmology packages offered for various eye illnesses and operations, including Lasik surgery, cataract surgery, strabismus surgery, corneal transplant, retinal complication treatments, dry eye treatment, diabetic eye disease treatment, pediatric ophthalmology, etc.
Corneal transplant cost in Iran
Depending on where the cornea transplant surgery takes place, costs varyconsiderably. Clinical services contribute to corneal transplant cost as well. As eye surgeries are quite important, it is wise having a comprehensive research and obtaining adequate information beforehand. Corneal transplant is an outpatient procedure in Iran and normally costs around $2,700 for each eye. In the US, cost of the corneal transplant surgery who are not covered by health insurance might range from $13,000 to $27,000. Considering the risk of organ rejection, the ultimate cost can increase further.
To learn about the updated cost of corneal transplant in Iran, as well as information regarding booking a surgery appointment, please contact us via the online form or on any of the communication portals provided below.