Neurosurgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the brain, spine or nerves. The high quality of neurosurgery in Iran is widely acknowledged in the region and beyond, making Iran a popular destination for neurosurgery abroad. Here is all you need to know about neurosurgery in Iran.
COMMON NEUROSURGERY PROCEDURES
Neurosurgery in Iran: All you need to know
Neurosurgery treatments in Iran are of such high quality that the country is deemed as the neurosurgery hub in the middle east. Yet, there is no denying the fact that procedures related to the brain, spine, or nerves can be quite complicated. The treatment can seem even more daunting when you decide to try neurosurgery abroad.
That is why choosing a medical tourism facilitation agency that you can rely on is vital. As the prominent medical tourism facilitation company in Iran, AriaMedTour strives to streamline the process through multiple services:
- Thorough medical consultation and online appointment service for free
- Trip planning
- Scheduling appointments and arrival/departure dates
- Booking accommodation, flights, transfer, etc. during your stay
- Assigning personal care assistants and medical interpreter
- Follow-up care for months after you’re back home
What is neurosurgery?
Neurosurgery is commonly known as surgical operations on the brain. But in addition to performing surgical procedures on the brain, a neurosurgeon (neurosurgery specialist) will also be able to help patients suffering from other conditions, namely, neck pain or back pain.
A neurosurgeon is fully trained to treat patients who need any of the following procedures:
- Brain surgery
- Spinal surgery
- Peripheral surgery
Neurosurgery in Iran
Here is why numerous patients seek their treatments in Iran.
Notable Iranian neurosurgeons
Perhaps the main reason as to why Iran is a famous destination for neurosurgery and neurovascular treatments is the reputation of its surgeons. Few people are unfamiliar with the likes of Dr. Majid Samii. He (like many other Iranian neurosurgeons) is widely known in the international level.
Brain surgeries can seem extremely unnerving. So, it is important to find an experienced neurosurgeon whose expertise you can trust. Since neurosurgery is one of the main key interests among Iranian specialists, you can find many notable Iranian neurosurgeons with wide experience.
High quality of care
One of the aspects of healthcare in Iran that usually goes beyond international patients’ expectations is the high quality of care in the country. Iran’s rigid healthcare standards make it impossible for medical centers to be anything but trustworthy and top-ranked. Hospital equipment in Iran is on par with those found in countries like the US. Also, the Iranian medical staff are trained to cater to patients of all nationalities to ensure an effective treatment, successful procedure, and satisfactory experience.
Affordable cost of surgery in Iran
Neurosurgery diagnosis and treatments are extremely expensive in most countries, even when covered by insurance. Therefore, the low costs of the treatment in Iran entice people to travel all the way to Iran for neurosurgery. As mentioned earlier, Iran’s healthcare service offers an exemplary experience in terms of both quality of care and extensive options of neurosurgeons to choose from. The quality care in Iran coupled with exceptionally low prices offer a unique opportunity to neurosurgery patients.
Brain surgery in Iran
Brain surgery is a sub-category of neurosurgery and can be referred to as any type of procedure that is performed on the brain. The number of brain conditions that need surgery are infinite and so are brain procedure types. Here are some of the most common types of brain surgery in Iran.
Brain tumor removal
Tumors are mass or collections of abnormal cells. They can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Brain tumors can lead to brain damage regardless of whether they are cancerous or not. This is because our skull is a restricted area and any abnormal growth inside this limited space can be life-threatening. Hence, specialists suggest addressing the brain tumor immediately.
Brain tumors can be categorized into primary and secondary brain tumors. Primary brain tumors are tumors that originate in the brain and are usually benign. Whereas secondary brain tumors originate somewhere else in the body (e.g. breast or lungs) and find their way to the brain. Some types of brain tumors include:
- Glial Tumors: also known as gliomas, these tumors develop from glial cells in your brain or spinal cord.
- Pituitary tumors: these tumors are mostly benign and develop at the base of the brain.
- Convexity tumors: it is a type of meningioma tumors and occurs on the surface of the brain. They are generally noncancerous and easily accessible through the surgery. Therefore, the surgeon can easily remove them successfully.
- Orbital tumor: it refers to any tumor that develops in the bony socket (orbit) that contains the eye. These types of tumors can be benign or malignant.
- Intraventricular tumors: brain ventricle tumors are rare tumors that affect children more than adults.
Benign (noncancerous) brain tumors can be treated effectively. An experienced neurosurgeon will perform a surgical technique to remove the brain tumor without resulting in brain damage.
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt or VP shunt, also called a cerebral shunt, is a device that is used to relieve pressure in the brain. The harmful pressure usually occurs as a result of the buildup of fluid in the brain (a condition known as hydrocephalus). If left untreated, it can result in brain damage. Infants and older adults are more likely to suffer from this condition. Another condition that is usually treated using VP shunts is an arachnoid cyst.
The procedure takes between one to two hours and is performed under general anesthesia. During VP shunt, then neurosurgeon will drill a somewhere behind the skull and thread a catheter through this hole to remove the excess fluid. Usually, they will attach the other end of the catheter to the chest or abdomen so that the fluid is absorbed by the patient’s body.
A craniotomy is a procedure that involves temporarily removing a bone flap from the scalp so that the neurosurgeon can get access to the exposed part of the brain and perform the surgery. Multiple surgical procedures such as aneurysm clipping and brain abscess may involve craniotomy.
Also known as Parkinson Disease surgery, Deep brain stimulation (DBS) procedure involves planting a device that sends electrical signals to the brain. These impulses will regulate abnormal impulses that trigger body movements.
Spinal surgery in Iran
Back or spine surgery is another sub-category of neurosurgery and includes a range of diagnosis and treatment procedures. Spinal surgery in Iran is performed with the best facilities and by the most proficient neurosurgeons. In some cases, spine surgery can also fall into the orthopedics category.
By mimicking the normal healing process of the bones, spinal fusion joins two or more vertebrae permanently to limit movement in the spine. Spinal fusion can be performed to treat conditions such as:
- Herniated discs
Laminectomy involves removing a part of one or more vertebrae to relieve pressure. The most common reason to have laminectomy is a herniated disc. But it can also be performed to treat injuries or conditions such as narrowing of the canal (spinal stenosis), or tumors.
Similar to the laminectomy procedure, a diskectomy is usually performed to ease the pressure caused by a herniated disk. The difference is that during discectomy, the surgeon will remove vertebral discs.
Foraminotomy is a procedure that can take the pressure off nerves. The surgeon enlarges the area around one of the bones in your spine. There are several purposes for this procedure:
- Enlargement of the nearby ligament
- Arthritis of the spine
This type of back surgery is performed to restore a fractured vertebrae. To do so, the surgeon injects a particular cement into the bones.
Peripheral nerve surgery in Iran
Peripheral nerve disorders usually get treated through non-surgical methods. However, sometimes surgery is the only way to ease the numbing pain across the body. Some conditions related to the nerves that might need surgery are as follows:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Peroneal and ulnar (arm and foot nerves) compression
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Pediatric neurosurgery in Iran
Pediatric neurosurgery addresses neurological conditions in children. These conditions might be congenital or occur as a result of other factors. Some examples of common pediatric disorders are tumors, arachnoid cyst, and hydrocephalus.
Neurosurgical disorders in children can be challenging. It is important to find reliable facilities and experienced pediatric neurosurgeons. Have a free consultation with one of our experts to learn about our packages for more insight.