Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), is a fertility treatment which involves introducing sperm cells into a woman’s womb to facilitate fertilization. The intention of IUI is to bring more sperm cells as near as possible to the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the possibility of egg fertilization. Nevertheless, only the sperm cells can fertilize the egg that has the most mobility and so push their own way through the outer layer of egg to achieve fertilization.

Who benefits from IUI?

There are different reasons why IUI is used. The causes of infertility are numerous so are the means of treating them. The beneficiaries of artificial insemination are women who are in state of relationship that are not able to have a pregnancy within natural mean and would like to have their own child. The single mums or women whose male partners suffer somehow from some type of infertility, such as low sperm numbers or their sperms have lost their mobility, are candidates for IUI.

Intrauterine Insemination may also be used as a proper treatment for anyone with the cervical problem which may affect sperms ability to enter the uterus. Some men suffer severe ejaculation dysfunction. Generally, after the age of 35, female fertility decreases, so it is wise that infertile couples do not postpone seeking appropriate medical advice. IUI is one of the assisted reproduction methods that provides couples with a chance of having a healthy baby.

IUI procedure

A consultation and complete examination are necessary for each patient, individuals or couples for finding the most appropriate treatment with the highest chance of success. Before intrauterine insemination (IUI) be practiced as a solution, doctors may examine couples to diagnose any issue that has stopped couples form naturally achieving pregnancy. These examinations include tests to define sperm quality, its mobility or motility, also female reproductive system conditions and organs for the success of ovulation. Using blood tests, ultrasound or other related tests Female menstrual cycle may be observed, plus physical observation of woman external genital. In this stage, some drugs can be prescribed. Further tests on the donor are considered for prevention of transmission of diseases.

IUI procedure

Sperm preparation and Procedure

Semen is usually taken from male partner, third donor or sperm bank. The sperm sample can be used raw or stored and frozen for the proper time to be transferred to the female’s uterus. Timing is critical because it needs to be introduced to woman uterus close to the time that egg is released from the ovary. Considering what method is used, sperm is usually inserted twice, within a treatment cycle.

There are actions undertaken before insemination of sperms, including preparation of samples, assessment for safety, quality and quantity, passing them through filtering for grading and finally washing. After all, using a syringe and fine tube, the prepared sperm cells are introduced directly into the chamber of the uterus so they can find their own way towards the uterine tube.


Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) risks and side effects

There may be times when fertilization fails and the cycle is repeated without any success in pregnancy. The situation can cause depression. There are side effects which are more likely to be caused by drugs rather than insemination operation itself. Patients also may feel pain. In some cases, pain is followed by swelling of ovaries resulted from ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Occasionally, swelling happens around the injection spot. Other side effects of IUI can be feeling of sickness with a tendency to vomit (nausea), headaches, visual disturbances, hot flashes, muscle cramps and bloating.

There are also birth complications or after birth side effects including premature delivery, low birth weight, developmental problems, and diabetes that may require patients to take bed rest after IUI. Having discussion with the specialist for taking appropriate drugs will lower side effects and deduct delivery problem risks. Having said that, IUI side effects are fairly minimal and many women find the IUI procedure almost painless.

IUI post-operative cares

Having a complete bed rest for almost a week after IUI operation, conserve the body’s energy. Avoiding harsh physical activities and exercise, except light walking, is a must for two weeks after IUI. Taking adequate amount of protein-rich foods and drinking sufficient water is recommended. It is also suggested to keep the womb warm and protected.

Visiting the doctor may be necessary around a week after ovulation, so levels of progesterone can be measured, also the lining of uterine. It helps to find indications of whether IUI has been effective. Proper medication is prescribed by the doctor.

IUI in Iran

Disregard of the insemination procedure, there are some external factors that make IUI a hassle-free operation and ease of mind for needed applicants. These factors are dependent on proficiency and experience of surgeon and quality of clinics that IUI takes place in. Cost efficiency added to the factors mentioned above brings luck to applicants who choose intrauterine insemination as a proper treatment.

There are quality reasons and financial benefits in choosing Iran as a destination for this type of treatment. Among top clinics for fertility treatments around the world, Iranian fertility clinics are highly valued in regard to the quality and effectiveness of their fertility treatments. Two Iranian clinics “Royan Institute” and “Avicenna Fertility Clinic” with highly specialized research centers and labs and long background in reproduction are among the best.

Apart from quality, cost of IUI operation varies considerably between fertility clinics. Obviously, low costs of this type of surgeries in Iran makes Iran a good destination to get this type of treatment for those willing to undergo an affordable one.

IUI cost in Iran

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is not very expensive but it requires professional expertise. It is less costly and less expensive compared to in vitro fertilization (IVF).  Sometimes semen needs to be provided by third-party donor or by the sperm bank. As mentioned earlier, a successful IUI operation, sometimes requires the treatment cycle to be repeated. In sum, all these conditions raise the cost of the treatment. The minimum cost of IUI is usually between $300 to $1000. However, the price increases depending on whether sperm is provided by the partner or third-party donor, also what package of examination and post care treatments advised. Thanks to advances in artificial insemination in Iran, affordable prices of artificial insemination in Iran caused many couples to receive the treatment in less than a third of its cost in other countries, including regional and Eastern Asian nations. IUI cost in Iran starts from $100.

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