PRK in Iran: all you need to know
PRK is a refractive laser eye surgery or vision correction surgery aimed at correcting mild to moderate farsightedness (hyperopia), nearsightedness (myopia), and astigmatism. Standing for photorefractive keratectomy, PRK is intended to reduce dependency on eyeglasses and contact lenses.
Although PRK is the oldest type of vision correction surgery, it is still widely used by ophthalmologists because it has some advantages over the other laser treatments. i.e. LASIK and LASEK. PRK is one of the most common treatments for refractive errors in Iran.
Given the upscale eye hospitals and clinics in the cities of Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Esfahan, and the proficient eye specialists in Iran, people from various countries choose to have eye surgery such as PRK in Iran, not to mention the low cost of such treatments in the country.
PRK cost in Iran
A PRK procedure costs about $900 to $1,600 for both eyes in Iran, which is much more reasonable than in other countries. Different clinics and hospitals in Iran have slightly different PRK prices. To get price quotes for a PRK surgery in Iran, please feel free to give us a call or message.
How is PRK performed?
In PRK procedure, a thin layer of the surface of the cornea (epithelium) is removed and the cornea is reshaped with an excimer laser to improve the way light enters the eye and is focused on the retina.
PRK is an outpatient procedure in which anesthetic drops are used to numb the patient’s eye and make the procedure painless for him/her. The surgeon uses a device to hold the eyes open while doing the surgery.
The precision of the laser is computer-programmed based on the type of refractive error. Generally, the surgeon uses the laser for less than one minute. After correcting the cornea, a temporary contact lens is placed in the eye as a bandage to improve healing and comfort.
Given the proficient eye specialists in Iran, people from various countries choose to have eye surgery such as PRK in Iran.
PRK vs LASIK
Both PRK and LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) are laser eye surgery techniques that correct refractive errors to improve the vision. PRK was developed before LASIK, but this doesn’t mean that PRK is old-fashioned; they are both widely utilized today.
These two procedures are used to modify the cornea, but in different ways. In a PRK, the surgeon cuts away a very thin layer of the cornea and uses a laser to reshape the layers beneath and correct any irregularity while in a LASIK procedure the surgeon uses a blade to create a small flap in the cornea, which he raises up to reshape the layers beneath using a laser and then puts it back in place.
How are they similar and different?
Both PRK and LASIK are similar in that they both are used to treat nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism by reshaping the cornea of the eye using tiny blades or lasers.
The main difference between PRK and LASIK is that in a PRK procedure the surgeon permanently removes a thin layer of the cornea but in a LASIK procedure he/she creates a flap to access the underlying layer of the cornea (stroma) and fix the imperfections and then places it back to heal.
In terms of results and recovery, both procedures provide great results but a PRK requires more time for recovery and it takes more time (up to six months) for the patient to see the final results.
Pros and cons of PRK
PRK has some advantages and disadvantages, particularly over LASIK. Here are some of the pros and cons of PRK:
|Suitable for those with a thin cornea
||Slower recovery and more discomfort during the first few days of recovery compared to LASIK
|No risk of flap dislocation (suitable for athletes)
||Patients need to wait for a while to notice the eyesight improvement
|Shorter procedure time than LASIK
||Higher risk of inflammation, infection, and haze
|Lower risk of compromised corneal thickness
||Some patients still need glasses for certain activities
|Laser treatment is done at a lower depth than in LASIK
|Highly accurate for many cases of myopia (nearsightedness)
Of course, the decision to opt for one of these procedures should be made after a consultation with an ophthalmologist. Some people are better candidates for PRK and others are better candidates for LASIK. Your doctor would evaluate your eye and ask you about your lifestyle to determine the best method for you.
After a PRK procedure, the surgeon will apply a special contact lens as a bandage to help the eye heal. You’ll have mild discomfort, irritation, and watering eye for 1 to 3 days and some degree of pain, which can be relieved by painkilling eye drops or over-the-counter pain medicines.
Be sure to arrange for someone to drive you home after the procedure. You might need to take a few days off to relax and take plenty of rest. Try to avoid strenuous activities for one week following the surgery.
You will have blurry vision for the first 3-5 days. As your cornea heals, your vision will improve, but it may take 1 month or longer before you can benefit from the full results.
Your doctor may prescribe certain eye drops to be used during the recovery period after PRK, including antibiotic drops, anti-inflammatory drops, and artificial tears for eye dryness.
Ophthalmologists advise patients to wear sunglasses for a while when going outside because sun exposure may cause corneal scarring and vision problems after surgery.
How to arrange a PRK in Iran?
We at AriaMedTour make all the arrangements for you to get a PRK in Iran. Please send us an email or WhatsApp message, or use the online chat tool for details, such as prices, hospitals, length of stay, and medical tourism services.