In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF is an fertilization process which involves extracting eggs and retreiving sperm samples, anf then joining them in a laboratory dish. After that, the embryo can be transferred to the uterus. The term “in vitro” means outside the body. IVF is an effective type of assisted reproductive technonlogy. IVF may be recommened for various reasons, such as male factor infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss or genetic abnormalities.
Artificial Insemination (Donor)
Artificial Insemination with donor sperm (AID) consists of placing sperm obtained from a sperm donor inside the uterus. It offers more chance of pregnancy. In fact Donor is a simple procedure that uses a syringe to place semen into a woman’s vagina to assist her in getting pregnant.
Sperm Freezing (Semen Freezing)
Sperm freezing which is also called sperm cryopreservation, is a procedure involving freezing and storage of sperm so it can be used either for fertility treatments such as artificial insemination, or be donated in future. Sperm freezing may be recommended for various reasons such as conditions or treatments that may affect fertility, low sperm count or vasectomy.
Egg freezing involves the extraction, freezing and storage of a woman’s eggs so that they can become pregnant in the future. Egg freezing can be done either by a slow-freeze technique or a flash-freeze method called vitrification. There are many reasons that make one consider egg freezing, including cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or pelvic radiation that may affect the reproductive system, surgical procedures that can damage the ovaries or personal reasons for fertility preservation while delaying childbearing.
Ebryo freezing invloves the freezing and storage of an embyro so it can be used in future ICSI or IVF cycles. There are two different methods for embryo freezing including slow freezing and vitrification. Embryo freezing may be recommended for various reasons like conditions or treatments that affect the reproductive system and fertility or risk of injury or death. In such cases embryo freezing is an effective method to preserve fertility.
PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration)
PESA is a procedure which involves the retrieval of sperm from the epididymis for IVF or ICSI processes, by inserting a tiny needle through the scrotum skin. This method may be recommended for men with obstructive azoospermia (zero sperm count) or a blockage in their reproductive tract due to conditions such as vasectomy, infection or congenital abnormality.
Assisted hatching is a procedure which involves making a gap in the shell (zona) of the embryo before the embryo transfer, to enhance its ability to hatch after forming a blastocyst. Laser-assisted hatching uses focused infrared beams to accurately remove the zona pellucida, to help hatching of the fertilized egg. This technique is faster that other assisted hatching methods, such as acid hatching.
Clomid which is also called serophene is an oral medication, commonly used to treat infertility. Clomid is used to induce ovulation in women that don’t have the ability to develop an egg and ovulate naturally. The aim of this medication is to induce and regulate ovulation. This medical treatment is often used with a combination of other fertility treatments, such as artificial insemination.
IVF with Gender Selection
IVF is an fertilization process which involves fertilizing egg with sperm during a laboratory procedure. After that, the embryo is transferred into the uterus to continue developing. There are two different PGD or PGS screening steps that can be taken in addition to the conventional IVF process. During these examining procedures, the gender of each embryos can be revealed, so when there are both male and female embryos, it can be chosen to use which one to determine the sex of the child.
Laparoscopic Hysteroscopy and Sonohysterography
The laparoscope is a tiny camera attached to a thin tube that transmits pictures onto monitors. Hysteroscopy procedures can be either diagnostic to diagnose uterus problems or operative to repair and treat some of the uterus conditions such as polyps and fibroids, malformations or adhesions. The sonohysteroscopy method which is also called fluid contrast ultrasound, is similar to hysteroscopy. This procedure uses ultrasound technology to visualize internal structures using ultrasound waves. Sonohysteroscopy is an effective technique for evaluating the uterus before fertility treatments, such as IVF and embryo transfer.