Dental filling in Iran: all you need to know
Teeth are apt to decay for many reasons. Decays dissolve gradually and continuously the enamel of teeth. Unfortunately, there are no signs of pain in this stage in most cases, so the decay continues and invades the second layer of the teeth (dentin).
There are increasingly some signs of pain in this stage, and more dissolve in the structure of the tooth. Finally, the inflammation reaches the pulp and the patient ought to go to the dentist to deal with his unbearable pain, but that means to eradicate the pulp and to remove the decay of the tooth. Alas, the tooth becomes very faint and you may need dental filling alternatives such as dental crown or dental bridge to protect the rest of the tooth, or it may need to be extracted.
All these undesirable effects can be avoided if the patient asks for the assistance of the dentist, and the earlier the better. The dentist removes the affected tissues and fill the cavity with one of the tooth filling materials. By doing this, the patient will have gotten a medical service that may last for fifteen years.
How is tooth filling performed?
For filling dental cavities, the dentist may apply an anesthetic injection, remove all the affected areas by a drill, and form a cavity to receive the filling. However, dental filling steps differ according to dental filling type as following:
Dental filling composite resin and ceramic are resembled in how they are applied. The dentist uses a special acid in both materials, and then he/she applies a bonding in the cavity and exposes the cavity to a dental filling laser. After that, he/she puts a small amount of dental filling composite material or ceramic several times in the cavity and exposes every layer to a laser beam until the cavity is filled.
The dentist may adjust the over tooth filling to adapt to the bite of the teeth. Composite and Ceramic are mainly used as dental fillings in front teeth, but they are used now for all the teeth. They are cosmetic filling, and both can apply without drilling for fractured or chipped teeth. They may remain for 7 to ten years for a composite filling and more than that for ceramic filling. However, they are more expensive than a composite filling.
While an amalgam filling tooth is a compound of silver, tin, and copper powder mixed up with mercury to form amalgam tooth filling, the dentist convoys small amount of the mixed up gradually with a special instrument and applies some pressure on the filling within the prepared cavity with another instrument until the cavity is completely over. Then, a dental filling bite adjustment and polishing of the filling will be done. Amalgam dental filling lifespan may reach 10-15 years. They are preferable in the back teeth.
Glass ionomer filling is weaker than composite resin, and its ability to resist high pressure is very limited. However, glass ionomer is one of the dental filling options, especially in the dental filling at the gum line or dental filling under the gum and in patients who suffer from multiple decays, as well in the infants. This is because of its easy applying, not to mention its ability to be used as a base filling under the composite filling to bond a restorative material to the tooth structure. Whereas, it acts as a good sealer, protecting the pulp, preventing secondary caries, and leakage of the margins.
Dental glass ionomer filling consists of a powder and a liquid. The dentist mixes the powder and the liquid, and then he/she applies the dental filling paste in the cavity.
Cast gold filling, on the other hand, is usually indirect filling. The dentist prepares the tooth, takes the impression of the mouth and sends it to the laboratory technician who pours the tooth filling or the crown in a special molding furnace and hands it to the dentist who adapts and fixes it using a dental adhesive with the cast gold filling or the crown. This is while direct gold fillings are very rare and it is made of pure gold foil. Dental gold fillings last more than 15 years but it is very expensive.
Dental filling for a chipped tooth and dental filling for a broken tooth, as well some other malformations could be applied without drilling. In all cases, dental filling between teeth should preserve a contact point between teeth. However, eating after dental filling may differ according to dental filling types, but generally, the patient should not eat anything for at least two hours after tooth filling.
The duration of the tooth filling for one tooth is usually between 15 minutes to an hour. And the dentist may apply temporary dental filling material (CVS) in large and deep cavities before the final filling lest dental filling nerve pain.
What are the most common dental filling materials?
There are five essential types of dental fillings for cavities: composite resin, silver amalgam, ceramic, glass ionomer, and gold filling. Each of these materials has special characteristics, from which the patient may benefit to obtain a good medical service.
Dental filling aftercare: what to expect?
You may suffer from dental filling sensitivity in the tooth for two weeks and you may need several days for dental filling recovery. However, all dental filling side effects are temporary and may not happen.
Tooth filling is a very safe procedure, and dental filling recovery time will not exceed several days. In most cases, the recovery happens spontaneously, and you will return to your life normally.
The important thing after a dental filling is to take more care of your oral hygiene and to brush your teeth twice a day. Flossing may be necessary to clean some areas that cannot be cleaned well with a dental brush. Mouthwash is recommended as well.
What are the complications and risks for teeth filling?
One of the complications is related to anesthetic allergic reaction as well as nerve and blood vessel injury, though it is rare and temporary. Sensitivity for hot and cold after dental filling is very common and it usually diminishes within 2-4 week.
Dental filling extreme pain may occur in cases of tooth pulp irritated. In these cases, root canal treatment will be necessary.
Another complication is due to the allergic reaction of tooth filling materials. In such case, dental filling removal is necessary for replacing the tooth filling material.
In some cases, a referred pain may happen in the nearby teeth and usually goes away after a few weeks. In a long session of treatment, dental filling jaw pain may happen for several days.
FDA demands to avoid amalgam dental filling dangers (because of mercury) for some groups who may be at high risk as a result of releasing mercury from the amalgam filling (pregnancy, children under six age, people with impaired kidney function…etc). However, there is no conclusive evidence about the risk of using mercury in dental filling.
Why is it important to get teeth filling?
When you have decay or more in your teeth, it will continue to destroy the structure of the tooth and may reach the pulp accompanying by severe pains, then you need to eradicate the pulp of the tooth and a dental filling and crown to protect it, or your tooth may need to be extracted. The earlier treatment means you can avoid all these results.
How to arrange my trip to have a dental filling in Iran?
AriamedTour is the most prominent medical tourism company in Iran. AriaMedTour will provide you with all you need in Iran. Our services include visa, airport pick-up, interpreter, transportation, accommodation, assigning clinic, arranging visits to the cultural memorial and the charming place in nature, airport drop-off at the time of leaving, following you up after returning to your country when needed. Please feel free to contact AriaMedTour through this website and you will get a free consultation and a price quote for dental filling in Iran and other dental treatments you may need.