Unluckily, some men start to lose hair as they get older. In some people male-pattern baldness starts at an early age and in some others it happens at late stages. The degree and pattern of baldness also vary from person to person. In some people the hair just above the forehead especially at the two ends starts to thin and the hairline starts to recede. In some others a patch of baldness gradually appears on the crown of the head. In the most severe cases, all the hair falls out except for a strip above the ears and on the lower back of the head which resembles a horseshoe.
Hair loss may have several causes. The main cause that should be blamed for more than 90 percent of cases is heredity or genes you inherit from your parents. Other causes of hair loss include stress, imbalance diet (e.g. too little iron or too much vitamin A intake), scalp infection, chemotherapy, diseases like anemia and thyroid problem, and medications like blood thinners and anabolic steroids.
About half of white men suffer from some degree of baldness by the age of 50 years. The proportion reaches up to 80 percent by the age of 70 years. Some ethnic groups like Chinese and Japanese are usually less affected by hair loss problems.
What are the treatments for hair loss?
Different treatments are recommended for different types of hair loss. If your hair is thinning because for non-genetic factors such as stress, infection, or malnutrition, just eliminate those causes and your hair fall will stop immediately. You may also want to try one of those medications and supplements available in the market to strengthen your hair follicles and improve your scalp nutrition. If the baldness is caused by heredity, which is so in most cases, there are a few non-invasive treatments like Minoxidil whose results are not permanent and desirable, that is you have to apply it to your scalp to stop your hair from further falling (not getting back your lost hair) and once the application stops, the hair fall resumes within a few weeks.
To get rid of baldness, men have another choice: hair transplant. Hair transplant is a surgical procedure to move follicles of non-balding parts of the head or other parts of the body to the bald or balding part of the head. Main hair transplant methods are: Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT), also known as Follicular Unit Strip Surgery (FUSS), and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) sometimes referred to as Follicular Isolation Technique (FIT) because of a small difference in the tools used for isolating follicles.
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
FUT or FUSS is the traditional and most common method of hair transplantation. In FUT a strip of tissue is removed from the back of head, called the ‘donor’ and taken to a special room to be washed and separated into grafts (single of group of hair follicles to be planted). The dissected grafts then are planted in holes created in the bald part of the head.
FUE / FIT Methods
FUE / FIT is a more modern technique in which a part of the donor area is shaved and then strands of hair are individually cut out by making circular incisions around them. Since a doctor have to extract each graft individually and directly from the scalp, the FUE procedure is very time consuming. The extracted grafts are then inserted into holes created in the bald area just like in FUT. The FUE method is sometimes referred to as FIT (which stands for Follicular Isolation Technique) when the technique for extraction the follicles and the depth of the piercing is different.